The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) published its report into sexual abuse of children in custodial institutions on the 28 February 2019.
The report follows on from a hearing on 9 – 20 July 2018 and can be found here.
It examines evidence of “appalling abuse and institutional failures to protect children in the youth secure estate in England and Wales”. The investigation looked at Youth Offenders Institutions (YOI), Secure Training Centres (STC) and Secure Children’s Homes (SCH).
|Cambridge House, Knowl View and Rochdale
||On 12 April 2018 the IICSA published its report. The Panel provided an Executive Summary and drew a number of the conclusions. The Inquiry made no recommendations because they will be considering evidence that is relevant to the protection of children in the care of local authorities in the outstanding local authority as well as in some of the thematic investigation. They consider they will then be better placed to make overarching recommendations. Despite this, the Inquiry expect the public bodies involved in this investigation to reflect on their report and make changes to their practice as necessary to protect children in the future. See our earlier blog for details of the report’s conclusions: https://blmabusenewsblog.com/2018/04/12/iicsas-second-report-cambridge-house-knowl-view-and-rochdale/.
|Child Sexual Exploitation by Organised Networks
||The Inquiry is not accepting applications for Core Participant (CP) status or requesting evidence currently.
The Inquiry is encouraging all victims and survivors of child sexual abuse to share their experience.
|Accountability and Reparations
||A preliminary hearing took place on 8 May 2018 to provide an update on the latest developments.
Since the last preliminary hearing IICSA has granted CP status to four victim/survivors from St Aidan’s, another victim/survivor for Forde Park and another victim/survivor for Stanhope Castle. In total there are now 41 CP victims and survivors across the case study institutions. 26 finalised statements have now been received. It has been reiterated that the investigation will not examine or resolve disputed factual issues relating to the underlying abuse.
IICSA’s proposals for the focus of the w case studies are:
- North Wales Children’s Homes – civil litigation
- Forde Park – the overall management of the Forde Park civil litigation, and the litigation process itself, in particular how the claims were settled and how that settlement was perceived by the victims and survivors
- St Leonard’s – as per Forde Park
- St Aidan’s and St Vincent’s – the process of civil litigation, in particular limitation, and how this impacted on the experiences of victims and survivors
- Stanhope Castle – knowledge of and access to civil litigation and criminal compensation (from the CICA).
A further and final preliminary hearing has been listed for 25 September 2018 to deal with any outstanding matters ahead of the public hearings which run from 26 November to 13 December 2018.
|Children in Custodial Institutions
||Public hearings were held in July 2018 for 2 weeks. The investigation examined the prevalence and culture of child sexual abuse in custody as well as the institutional responses to those allegations. The current safeguarding and child protection policies were also examined. During the hearings a selection of allegations of recent sexual abuse were analysed in relation to Her Majesty’s Young Offender Institutions at Feltham and Werrington; Medway and Rainsbrook Secure Training Centres; Vinney Green Secure Unit; and Aycliffe Secure Centre.
A report on this phase of the investigation is expected in early 2019.
||A week of public hearings was held from 22-26 January 2018.
Applications will be requested for more CPs in due course. As the investigation is currently narrowly focused to consider the response of law enforcement agencies no internet specific organisation is a CP.
|Investigation into the Institutional Responses to Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse involving the late Lord Janner of Braunstone QC
||In April 2017 the Inquiry published a Notice of Determination and revised the scope of this investigation. IICSA does not wish to prejudice the investigation by the Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC) and Leicestershire Police.
No further updates.
|Children in the Care of Nottinghamshire Councils
||A second preliminary hearing was held on 31 January 2018.
The public hearings start on 1 October 2018.
There are currently 90 CPs including 83 individuals who allege that they were sexually abused whilst in the care of Nottinghamshire Councils.
|Child Sexual Abuse in the Anglican Church
||The first public hearing in relation to the Chichester Diocese case study was held in March 2018. There were twenty themes and issues being considered.
A hearing in connection with the Peter Ball case study was held last week.
A further public hearing relating the wider Anglican Church will proceed in 2019.
|Child Sexual Abuse in Residential Schools
||Currently no CPs designated but applications are likely to be called for in September 2018. In its interim report IICSA identified it does not intend to name specific school led case studies but rather to consider themes across schools including governance, reporting and whistleblowing, recruitment and termination of employment, inspection and monitoring, and culture
|Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse Linked to Westminster
||Three weeks of public hearings will take place from 4 March 2019.
|Protection of Children Outside the UK
||The Panel’s report, it’s first on all of its investigations, into the Child Migration Case Study was published on 1 March 2108. See our previous blog for details of the recommendations made: https://blmabusenewsblog.com/2018/03/27/iicsas-first-report/.
The second case study in this investigation is examining whether the civil framework is adequate for preventing, and notifying foreign authorities of, foreign travel by individuals known to the UK authorities as posing a risk to children. A public hearing on this case study will take place in February 2019.
|Children in the Care of Lambeth Council
||Preliminary hearings were held in this investigation in March and July 2016.
IICSA are reviewing vast quantities of information before a public hearing is scheduled. It has recently sought submissions from CPs on proposals for the investigation to focus on three case studies on the following homes: Angell Road, Southvale Assessment Centre and Shirley Oaks
|Child Sexual Abuse in the Roman Catholic Church
||Further public hearings relating to the Archdiocese of Birmingham case study will take place from 12-16 November 2018.
Public hearings relating to the Ealing Abbey case study will commence on 4 February 2019.
Initial hearings which focused on the Benedictine Order, in particular at Ampleforth and Downside were held in November 2017. The report in connection with those hearings will be published on 9 August 2018.
Authored by Miriam Rahamim, BLM
As the IICSA calls for core participants in the investigation involving Nottinghamshire Councils, we summarise recent and forthcoming developments in relation to IICSA investigations. For information summarising the scope of all the various investigations please refer to our previous blog of 3 January 2017 by clicking here.
Children in the Care of Nottinghamshire Councils –
- The Inquiry has requested individuals and organisations submit their applications for Core Participant status by 21 April 2017. Guidance for submitting applications has been provided by IICSA on its website. Applicants seeking Core Participant status after the deadline will need to explain why their application has been submitted out of time.
- A preliminary hearing will be held on 11 May 2017 at 10.30am at the International Dispute Resolution Centre in London.
Accountability and Reparations –
- The part 1 oral hearing for the Child Migration Programmes case study, forming one of the strands of this investigation, has been held. Part 1 focused on evidence given by a number of former child migrant witnesses and the Inquiry’s appointed experts.
- A further preliminary hearing is scheduled for 9 May 2017.
- The part 2 oral hearing, commencing on 10 July 2017, will focus on evidence from organisations previously involved in child migration and further evidence from the Inquiry’s experts.
Children in Custodial Institutions –
- The Inquiry’s Research Project held in January 2017 sought material (due for disclosure by 17 February 2017) for a review of the existing academic and grey literature (including policy and practice documents) relating to the incidence of child sexual abuse in the young people’s secure estate and the institutional response process to such allegations. The findings will determine this investigation as well as policy and practice recommendations to be made by the Inquiry.
- IICSA has provided details about the areas they are exploring within this investigation. These are:
- Evidence related to prevalence of child sexual abuse in the young people’s secure estate;
- Particular aspects of socio-demographic characteristics, both of victims and perpetrators;
- The factors associated with failure to protect or act to protect children in the care of institutions in the youth secure estate;
- The nature of the safeguarding systems in place in secure institutions for children and young people, and how they have changed over the years;
- Recommendations as to how those systems may be improved to better protect children and young people in secure care from sexual abuse.
Investigation into the Institutional Responses to Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse involving the late Lord Janner of Braunstone QC –
- On 31 January 2017, following an application from Daniel Janner QC, Rabbi Laura Janner-Klausner and Marion Janner OBE for Core Participant status which was granted to them by the Chair – Professor Alexis Jay OBE, on behalf of their late father’s estate.
- 11 April 2017 – the Inquiry published a Notice of Determination and revised the definition of scope in relation to this investigation. In light of the submissions received, the Chair has decided not to hold a preliminary hearing for oral submissions. The Inquiry will investigate institutional responses to allegations of child sexual abuse involving the late Lord Janner of Braunstone QC, considering:
- The adequacy and propriety of law enforcement investigations and prosecutorial decisions;
- The extent to which Leicestershire County Council and the Kirkwood Inquiry were aware of allegations falling and the adequacy of their response;
- The extent to which the Labour Party, Parliament, government departments, and/or the security and intelligence agencies were aware of allegations and the adequacy of their response;
- The extent to which any other public or private institution may have failed in its duty to protect children from sexual abuse;
- Whether any attempts were made to exert improper influence in order to hinder or prevent an institution from effectively investigating or otherwise responding to allegations.
Following consideration of the factors above, the Inquiry will publish a report setting out their findings and recommendations to improve child protection and safeguarding in England and Wales.
- Correspondence between panel member, Drusilla Sharpling CBE and the Home Secretary has been provided on IICSA website, following submissions made by the Janner family that Ms Sharpling should recuse herself from the investigation. Ms Sharpling wrote to the Home Secretary providing further details about her professional career and acquaintances that may be relevant to her position on the Panel, in particular her previous connections with the CPS, the Lord Janner case and one of the Core Participants in the Lord Janner investigation strand. In her response the Home Secretary clearly states that she is satisfied the information provided will not affect Ms Sharpling’s impartiality on the panel.
The Inquiry is not currently accepting Core Participant applications or requesting evidence for the following investigations:
- The internet;
- Child sexual abuse in residential schools;
- Allegations of child sexual abuse linked to westminster
There are no further updates in relation to the other investigations.
Written by Miriam Rahamim, solicitor at BLM